By Augustine Jimah

In rural communities across the world, market days are vibrant events where buyers and sellers gather to exchange goods and services. They play a crucial role in local economies, fostering trade, employment, and overall development. The Upper East region of Ghana has showcased remarkable success with its market days occurring every three days, warranting a closer look at the economic benefits. This article puts forward a strong call for the Bole Traditional Area, located in the savannah  region, to adopt the same system for its economic development.

*The Economic Benefits of Frequent Market Days*

Regular market days have a profound impact on local economies, and the Upper East region’s case is no exception. By having markets every three days, several economic advantages are achieved.

Firstly, frequent market days attract traders, buyers, and sellers from neighboring areas, facilitating increased economic activity. This heightened trade boosts local businesses, providing them with sustainable income opportunities. For farmers and craftsmen, having regular market days ensures a consistent avenue to sell their produce and crafts, contributing to their financial stability.

Moreover, such structured and organized market days enhance market efficiency. Traders can plan their transactions accordingly, resulting in reduced transaction costs and eliminating the need for frequent long-distance travels. This efficiency benefits both sellers and buyers, establishing a reliable and convenient platform for economic transactions.

Importantly, the implementation of regular market days presents an opportunity for job creation. Increased economic activity stimulates demand for ancillary services, leading to employment opportunities for locals. Vendors, porters, and security personnel find employment during market days, providing a source of income for individuals and contributing to poverty alleviation in the region.

Furthermore, embracing the concept of regular market days promotes socioeconomic development. Revenue generated from these market activities can be reinvested in infrastructure development, education, healthcare, and other essential sectors. The thriving local economy encourages entrepreneurship and innovation among residents, fostering economic growth and prosperity.

Case Study: Upper East Region

The Upper East region of Ghana is well-known for its agricultural activities and economic potential. The region has successfully implemented the practice of holding market days every three days, yielding remarkable results. Markets in towns such as Bolgatanga, Navrongo, pusiga, Garu, binaba and Bawku are buzzing with activity, showcasing the economic potential of this system.

Local inhabitants have witnessed firsthand the tangible benefits of regular market days. People have found economic success and stability, encouraging community members to pursue ventures without the fear of instability. The economic growth in the region has created opportunities for individuals to break out of poverty cycles, empowering them to improve their quality of life.

Cultural and Social Significance

Beyond the economic impact, market days have become an integral part of the Upper East region’s cultural identity. Traditions, values, and norms are preserved and celebrated during these events, fostering social cohesion and community bonding. The exchange of ideas and knowledge that occurs during market days strengthens the social fabric and promotes cultural integration.

A Call for Bole Traditional Area

The success of the Upper East region in Ghana serves as an inspiration for similar rural communities. The Bole Traditional Area has immense potential for economic development through the adoption of regular market days.

I call upon traditional leaders in the Bole area to recognize the economic benefits and socio-cultural importance of embracing frequent market days. Sensitization campaigns and community engagement can help garner support from the local population. Collaborative efforts between traditional authorities, local government, and market associations can pave the way for the implementation of this system.

Establishing appropriate market infrastructures and facilities will be crucial in creating a conducive environment for trade. This, in turn, will not only benefit the Bole Traditional Area but also have a positive ripple effect on neighboring regions, contributing to the broader national economy.


Market days occurring every three days have demonstrable economic benefits for rural communities. The Upper East region of Ghana has been a testament to this success story. By embracing frequent market days, the Bole Traditional Area can unlock its economic potential, create employment opportunities, and promote local development. Let us seize this opportunity for prosperity, following in the footsteps of the Upper East Region.

17th September, 2023.